Skin, the largest organ, visibly covers more than 90 percent of the body; hair and nails comprise another 8 percent.
Medically, skin protects the body, wards off infection, maintains housing for blood vessels and sweat glands that regulate temperature, shields from damaging ultraviolet radiation and harmful environmental chemicals and toxins, and it alerts the brain to sensitive touch, smells and impending pain.
Socially, skin identifies age, gender, race, economic status, general overall health; it reflects many emotions, such as growing pale and blushing.
Being the largest organ of Human body, Skin is subject to multiple diseases like Eczema, Psoriasis, Fungal (eg; Tinea, Candida), Bactrial (eg; Impetigo), Viral (eg; warts, Molluscum) infections, Skin Cancers etc.
It is the first line of our defense against external agents and hence also target of diseases like Allergies, Photo Sensitivities, Contact infections etc, which are caused by external agents.
There are multiple severe diseases like SLE, Leprosy, Scleroderma, Dermatomyositis, Vasculitis and others, which involve major internal organs like kidneys, lungs etc and which require long term treatment.
Apart from all these diseases, skin gets involved in many systemic diseases like Diabetes, Thyroid Disorders, KIdney Disorders etc and often helps in early diagnosis of these diseases
Hair, comprised of keratin, a lifeless substance, is our most visible accessory. It replenishes itself regularly, protects skin, warms the body, and brows/lashes keep dirt and particles from injuring the eyes. Hair is also an observable indicator of age, gender, race and overall health. Socially, healthy hair is considered to be one of our most important and desired features.
Hair disorders include a wide spectrum of conditions ranging from Pediculosis (lice ), P.sicca ( Dandruff), Telogen effluvium ( Excessive Hairfall), Androgenetic Alopecia ( Balding ) to Alopecia areata ( Patchy Hair loss) etc.
Onychomycosis ( fungal infection, Psoriasis, Dystrophies, Pitting, Paronychia ( swelling, discoloration and pain ) are a few of the many Nail disorders that require Early Diagnosis and Mangement.
A qualified Dermatologist is the right person to go to for appropriate diagnosis & treatment of Diseases affecting Skin Hair & Nails